Environmental Studies by Deswal and Deswal: A Review
Environmental studies is a multidisciplinary subject that deals with the interactions between humans and nature. It covers various topics such as ecology, biodiversity, pollution, climate change, natural resources, environmental ethics, and sustainable development. Environmental studies is also a compulsory subject for undergraduate courses of all branches of higher education in India.
One of the popular textbooks for environmental studies is Environmental Studies by Deswal and Deswal, published by Dhanpat Rai and Co. This book is written by Dr. Surinder Deswal and Dr. Anupama Deswal, who are both professors of environmental engineering at Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram University of Science and Technology, Murthal. The book is divided into eight units, each covering a different aspect of environmental studies. The units are as follows:
Unit 1: Multidisciplinary nature of environmental studies
Unit 2: Natural resources
Unit 3: Ecosystems
Unit 4: Biodiversity and its conservation
Unit 5: Environmental pollution
Unit 6: Social issues and the environment
Unit 7: Human population and the environment
Unit 8: Field work
The book is written in a simple and lucid language, with ample examples, diagrams, tables, and case studies to illustrate the concepts. The book also contains objective questions, short answer questions, and long answer questions at the end of each unit to test the understanding of the students. The book also provides a list of references and websites for further reading.
The book is suitable for students of engineering, science, arts, commerce, and management courses. It is also useful for teachers, researchers, professionals, and general readers who are interested in environmental issues. The book is available in both print and digital formats. The PDF version of the book can be downloaded from various websites for free or at a nominal cost.
Environmental Studies by Deswal and Deswal is one of the best books for environmental studies in India. It covers the syllabus prescribed by the University Grants Commission (UGC) and other universities. It provides a comprehensive and updated knowledge of environmental studies in an easy-to-understand manner. It is highly recommended for anyone who wants to learn more about the environment and its challenges.
Environmental studies in India has a long and rich history, dating back to the ancient times when people revered nature and lived in harmony with it. The Vedas, Upanishads, Puranas, and other scriptures contain many references to the importance of environmental protection and conservation. The concepts of ahimsa (non-violence), dharma (duty), karma (action), and samsara (cycle of life) reflect the ecological wisdom of the Indian culture.
However, with the advent of colonialism, industrialization, urbanization, and globalization, India faced many environmental challenges such as deforestation, soil erosion, water scarcity, air pollution, biodiversity loss, climate change, and environmental degradation. These challenges posed a threat to the health, livelihood, and well-being of millions of people, especially the poor and marginalized sections of the society.
To address these challenges, India adopted various policies, laws, institutions, and programs to promote environmental awareness, education, research, management, and governance. Some of the notable initiatives include the National Environmental Policy (2006), the National Green Tribunal (2010), the National Action Plan on Climate Change (2008), the National Biodiversity Authority (2003), the National Mission for Clean Ganga (2014), and the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (2014). India also participated actively in various international conventions and agreements on environmental issues such as the Convention on Biological Diversity (1992), the Kyoto Protocol (1997), the Paris Agreement (2015), and the Sustainable Development Goals (2015).
Despite these efforts, India still faces many environmental challenges that require urgent attention and action. Some of the key challenges include increasing population pressure, rapid urbanization, unsustainable consumption patterns, inadequate waste management, loss of traditional knowledge and practices, lack of public participation and awareness, weak enforcement of laws and regulations, and conflicts between development and conservation. To overcome these challenges, India needs to adopt a holistic and integrated approach that balances the economic, social, and environmental dimensions of development. India also needs to strengthen its collaboration and cooperation with other countries and stakeholders to address the global environmental issues. 29c81ba772